These are terms for some of the basic Shotokan Karate techniques, as well as some
additional vocabulary:
Body areas
Jodan
From the neck up
  Chudan
From the neck to the belt
  Gedan
From the belt down
  Migi
Right side
  Hidari
Left side
     
Stances
Musubi Dachi
Heels together, feet at a 45° angle
  Heisoku Dachi
Feet together
  Hachiji Dachi
Open-leg stance
  Kiba Dachi
Horse-riding stance
  Zenkutsu Dachi
Front stance
  Kokutsu Dachi
Back stance
     
Blocks
Gedan Barai
Low block
  Jodan Age Uke
High block
  Soto Uke
Outside-inside block
  Uchi Uke
Inside-outside block
  Morote Uke
Reinforced inside-outside block
  Shuto Uke
Knife hand block or strike
     
Punches/Strikes
Choku Zuki
Straight punch
  Oi Zuki
Lunge punch
  Gyaku Zuki
Reverse punch
  Age Zuki
Rising punch
  Nukite Zuki
Finger strike
  Mawashi Zuki
Round punch
  Uraken
Backfist strike
     
Kicks/Leg Techniques
Mae Geri
Front kick
  Yoki Geri Keage
Side snap kick
  Yoko Geri Kekome
Side thrust kick
  Mawashi Keage
Round house kick
  Ushiro Geri Kekome
Back thrust kick
  Ushiro Mawashi
Keage
Hook kick
  Mae Ashi Mae Geri
Front leg front kick
  Mae Ashi Mawashi
Geri
Front leg round kick
  Ashi Barai
Leg sweep
     
Additional terms
Karate
Fighting with empty hands
  Kata
Forms
  Kumite
Sparring
  Sensei
Instructor
  Sempai
Assistant instructor
  Yoi
Ready
  Hajime
Begin
  Yame
Stop
  Seiza
Proper method of kneeling
  Mokuso
Meditation
  Osu
Affirmative acknowledgement
  Rei
Bow
  Shomen Ni Rei
Bow to the front
  Sensei Ni Rei
Bow to instructor
  Otogai Ni Rei
Bow to each other
  Kiai
Explosive sound/exhalation from the
diaphragm
  Kime
Focus
  Gi
Uniform
  Obi
Belt
  Kyu
Belt ranks below black belt
  Dan
Black belt ranks
Vocabulary
International Shotokan
Karate Association of
Northern Virginia